Does EbA Work? A review of the evidence on the effectiveness of ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

Posted on: 15 Apr 2015 / Submitted by: Vickie

Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation (EbA) integrate the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services into an overall strategy for helping people adapt to climate change. To date, however, insight into these approaches has often been based on anecdotal case studies of local people’s use of ecosystems. Although they are informative, they can provide rather limited insight in terms of measuring and evaluating the effectiveness of EbA, especially compared with technical or structural adaptation measures. A new, systematic review of EbA evidence has been carried out to interrogate the scientific literature and review studies from around the world, from many different ecosystems and adopting a wide range of adaptation approaches utilising ecosystems. We conclude that EbA approaches are effective and deserve greater policy attention and political support to reach their full potential.

Robert Munroe
Nathalie Doswald
Dilys Roe 
Hannah Reid 
Alessandra Giuliani 
Ivan Castelli 
Iris Moller 
Year of publication:
Type of publication:
Policy Brief
IIED, Birdlife International, UNEP-WCMC, ELAN, University of Cambridge
Cross Cutting:
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)